Growth stage

Code

Description

0: Germination

00

Dry seed

01

Beginning of seed imbibition

03

Seed imbibition complete

05

Radicle emerged from seed

07

Hypocotyl with cotyledons emerged from seed

08

Hypocotyl with cotyledons growing towards soil surface

09

Emergence: cotyledons emerge through soil surface

1: Leaf development

   

10

Cotyledons completely unfolded

11

First leaf unfolded

12

2 leaves unfolded

13

3 leaves unfolded

1 .

Stages continuous till . . .

19

9 or more leaves unfolded

 

 

 

2: Formation of side shoots

20

No side shoots

21

Beginning of side shoot development: first side shoot detectable

22

2 side shoots detectable

23

3 side shoots detectable

2 .

Stages continuous till . . .

29

End of side shoot development: 9 or more side shoots detectable

 

 

 

3: Stem elongation

30

Beginning of stem elongation: no internodes (“rosette”)

31

1 visibly extended internode

32

2 visibly extended internodes

33

3 visibly extended internodes

3 .

Stages continuous till . . .

39

9 or more visibly extended internodes

 

 

 

5: Inflorescence emergence

50

Flower buds present, still enclosed by leaves

51

Flower buds visible from above (“green bud”)

52

Flower buds free, level with the youngest leaves

53

Flower buds raised above the youngest leaves

55

Individual flower buds (main inflorescence) visible but still closed

57

Individual flower buds (secondary inflorescences) visible but still closed

59

First petals visible, flower buds still closed (“yellow bud”)

 

 

 

6: Flowering

60

First flowers open

61

10% of flowers on main raceme open, main raceme elongating

62

20% of flowers on main raceme open

63

30% of flowers on main raceme open

64

40% of flowers on main raceme open

65

Full flowering: 50% flowers on main raceme open, older petals falling

67

Flowering declining: majority of petals fallen

69

End of flowering

 

 

 

7: Development of fruit

71

10% of pods have reached final size

72

20% of pods have reached final size

73

30% of pods have reached final size

74

40% of pods have reached final size

75

50% of pods have reached final size

76

60% of pods have reached final size

77

70% of pods have reached final size

78

80% of pods have reached final size

79

Nearly all pods have reached final size

 

 

 

8: Ripening

80

Beginning of ripening: seed green, filling pod cavity

81

10% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

82

20% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

83

30% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

84

40% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

85

50% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

86

60% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

87

70% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

88

80% of pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

89

Fully ripe: nearly all pods ripe, seeds dark and hard

 

 

 

9: Senescence

97

Plant dead and dry

99

Harvested product